Mosquito Prevention Around Your Home

With mosquito season coming soon in the United States, the Zika virus – and the mosquitoes that carry the virus – may be a major concern.

Zika virus is primarily spread through the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. There are steps you can take to reduce the number of mosquitoes in and around your homes and community to protect yourself--and family from Zika.

How Does Water Help Mosquitoes Breed?

Aedes aegypti and it's cousin the Aedes albopictus, are known as “container-breeding mosquitos” because they like to lay eggs in and around

 standing water. Studies show that female mosquitoes prefer to lay eggs in water that collects or is stored in manmade containers. Water-filled trays were used to attract resident female mosquitos to deposit their eggs, where they hatched, and from which the larvae were collected.  The mosquitoes lay eggs on the walls of water-filled containers. Eggs stick to containers like glue and remain attached until they are scrubbed off.

The eggs can survive when they dry out—up to 8 months. When it rains or water covers the eggs, they hatch and become adults in about a week.

These mosquitoes like small containers, or pockets of water. They are not attracted to a large unmaintained pool. They prefer a flowerpot saucer or trash can lid.

Remove Standing Water

Keep mosquitoes from laying eggs inside and outside of your home. Items in and around people’s homes can collect water. Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out containers that hold water like the following:

vases  pet water bowls flowerpot saucers discarded tires buckets 
pool covers birdbaths trash cans trash can lids rain barrels

If You Have a Septic Tank

Keep Mosquitoes Out of Your Home

  • Repair holes in screens
  • Use air conditioning when available/possible

Click on the graphic to download the flier
"Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika Viruses"   

Video Resources from Maryland Department of Agriculture

(Information courtesy of the CDC)

Zika—Cómo evitar los criaderos de mosquitos en tu patio
Animals & Zika

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), what we know currently is:

  • Animals do not appear to be involved in the spread of Zika virus.
  • There is no evidence that Zika virus is spread to people from contact with animals.
  • There have been no reports of pets or other types of animals becoming sick with Zika virus. However, more research is needed to better understand Zika virus in animals.
  • Animals in the United States are not at risk of becoming sick with Zika virus.